by Freddy J. Nager, Founder of Atomic Tango LLC + Early Banner Ad Creator
I’ve written a few articles about why banner ads don’t work:
- And The Standards Go Out (The Browser) Window: Banner Ad-Nauseam
- Ad Nauseam: The MySpacification of Facebook
- Stop With The Dancing Cartoons Already: 7 Tips For Better Banners
The biggest reason why banner ads don’t work? It’s simple: people simply don’t see them. We marketers call it “banner blindness.”
Back in 2007, researcher Jakob Nielsen did some eye-tracking studies that clearly showed banner ads being ignored…
All that gray area on the right of each image? Yeah, that’s where the ads are. The only banner ads that got attention were the annoying ones, which hurt the advertisers more than they helped.
The result: clickthrough rates on banner ads are laughably low – close to 0.05%. No, I didn’t say 5%, I said 0.05%, as in 1/2,000 — and even that may be an overestimation. As an advertiser, you might get better results by flinging your business cards out your car window. At least the cop who tickets you will notice, and the littering fine will cost less than a banner ad campaign.
So the website ad sales people changed their tune: they’re now claiming that banner ads have “never” been about clickthroughs, and that they were “always” about “branding” and “awareness.” (Insert laugh track here.)
Of course, you immediately see the problem with that, right? “See” being the operative term here… If people aren’t seeing the ads, how can the ads create branding and awareness? In fact, online ads are so ineffective, when Twitter recently wanted to sell me ads on their platform, they EMAILED me. Hmmm, that tells me that I should look more into email marketing…
So if online banners don’t work, why then are online ad sales hitting record sales, year after year after year? Six years after Nielsen’s damning study, banner ads are still big business.
It’s simple: banner ads are cheap and easy to sell.
Imagine that you’re a marketing consultant or agency, and you have a client who wants to run ads. At first, you’re flabbergasted, so you summon all your colleagues: “Quick, get a camcorder! We have to record this! A client actually wants to buy ads! A client actually realizes that relying on social media and word-of-mouth and permission marketing is a recipe for disaster! They’re going to advertise, advertise, advertise!”
After you’ve finished draining the champagne bottles, you have to figure out what kind of advertising to recommend. There are millions of options, of course, but compare these two pitches:
- Option A: We’ll spend just a few thousand dollars placing banner ads on social networks and targeted websites, because that’s where your customers – particularly young people – are spending time these days. After all, traditional media is dead, right? The banner ads will take our designers less than an hour to whip up some options, and then you’ll pay only a few dollars for thousands of views. We’ll get real-time data on which ads are working and who’s engaging with them, either by viewing, hovering, or actually clicking through. This data will help us improve the ads on the fly, and we can even test a variety of ads with real customers, all inexpensively. Shall we do a test run?
- Option B: We’ll place one ad on TV. Uh, yeah, just one. And, no, it’s not targeted — the TV show reaches a broad audience. The 30-second time slot will cost $3 million alone, but we’ll need to spend at least another million on making the ad, since high production values are critical. That should take a few months from concept to execution, unless we implement a rush, which will cost a little more. No, we won’t be able to do a live test, but we can run some focus groups, which will take some time and more money, and not really prove anything, since focus groups are usually wrong. As for performance data, we’ll have to accept the network estimate on how many people actually saw the ad, though we could run an expensive survey afterwards. Want to give it a shot? We’ll need 50% up front…
Doesn’t sound like much of a choice, does it? Clients will gravitate toward Option A, because it’s easy and it’s cheap and it sounds oh so 2.0. Meanwhile the second choice sounds absurdly expensive, completely inflexible, and it’s 20th century media, which doesn’t fit a modern company.
EXCEPT with Option B we’re talking about the Super Bowl, of course, which delivers all this:
- Massive Awareness: Over 100 million viewers who are actually paying attention to the ads, talking about the ads online (there’s your buzz), and even voting for their favorite ads on YouTube, where they’ll actually search for and watch your ad again. Yes, again.
- Influencer Outreach: All the major media, marketing and trade publications — the editors, writers, bloggers and other influencers you need to reach — are also watching every single ad and reviewing them and providing additional publicity. (Buzz, buzz, and more buzz.)
- Credibility and Mindshare: For new companies, a Super Bowl ad not only creates awareness, it enhances credibility, because what scammer or spammer would spend $4 million on an ad? For existing companies, a Super Bowl ad maintains mindshare and market share, especially if your competitor is also advertising on the Super Bowl. (Something that Pepsi proved to the marketing world with their disastrous “hey let’s skip the Super Bowl and do social media only” Refresh campaign.)
- Branding: Smart, creative Super Bowl ads can strongly shape a brand — something that not even the most creative banner ads can do.
- Data: As for data, you can add a compelling call-to-action with other integrated media (a unique URL, a texting number, a discount code, etc.) to your ad and start counting.
Try to deliver all that, oh banner ads.
(No, I don’t sell Super Bowl spots, though I wish I did.)
Risky? Of course. But everything in business is a risk. If we wanted a sure thing, we would have become chiropractors at a martial arts studio. But an expensive ad that gets reactions is better than a cheap ad that no one even notices.
Of course, not everyone can afford a Super Bowl ad. But a smart agency can help their clients find more cost-effective options in other traditional media.
Now, don’t go me wrong. I love the Internet. I’ve been working on websites for nearly 20 years now. And I believe strongly in SEO and content marketing. Even social media has its uses, primarily in finding your most enthusiastic customers and in building relationships with influencers. I also think rich-media ads — such as a properly positioned game or video — can generate solid results.
But as long as banner ads are easy to sell to clients, we’ll keep on seeing them… even if none of us is ever really seeing them.